Tuesday, 11 September 2007
Money Matters #2 - Valuable lessons to teach your children
The article includes ten lessons that can be summarised as follows:
1. Make it real - Let kids see the whole picture, not just spending money on a credit card in a shop. Sit them down when you are doing your bill paying, and show them how much it costs. Get them involved during the grocery shop to find the cheapest tin of tomatoes. Give them their pocket money in coins and use the good ol' piggy bank to 'save'.
2. Pocket money - Give kids pocket money so they can practise saving and spending. For teenagers, work out an allowance for clothes and entertainment to help them budget.
3. Save, save, save - Quarantine some of their pocket money, or when they start part-time work encourage them to get into a regular savings pattern (20% of earnings is good). It is a great habit to get into and they can enjoy the joys of compound interest!
4. Track spending - Help them learn that it is small spendings that can erode their savings. A 'money book' can help, where they write down everything they spend.
5. Plan purchases - The whole necessity vs luxury chestnut. If they absolutely still need it after two weeks, help them work out what they need to do to get it e.g. save up 5 weeks pocket money, how many days of work it equals. Then teach them how to shop around for the best price.
6. Set goals - Help your child calclate the cost of buying stuff and plan towards it. If they want a bike, take them to a bike store and price the one they want. Once you know how much it will cost, sit down with them and calculate how long it will take to save for the purchase. This will put the value of things into perspective (especially if they are 'earning' five dollars a week!)
7. Talk about the future - What money guide would be complete without a word on superannuation? This isn't directly suggesting that kids put money away for retirement but encourages parents to talk about long-term goals and 'set a good example'. By showing them separate accounts for holidays, private health insurance, one-offs that you have to save for, you can show them that without savings you have to borrow money.
8. Foster responsibility - Let older kids pay their way (I like this one!). If your teenagers insist on calling friends on their mobiles from your land line, make them pay for it! Putting bills on the fridge might help adult kids to see where the household money is going.
9. Show them shares - Once your kids have a few dollars in the bank, help them buy shares. Managed funds are great, but owning shares means they become interested in looking up their share price and follow the fortune of their companies. This doesn't encourage diversification (what guide would be complete without a word on diversification?) it could be a great, and fun lesson. Use an online broker to keep the trade costs down. Tax, I hear you scream, but not to worry says Debra, because can earn $1667 tax-free a year, which equates to an investment of roughly $30,000!
10. Explain credit - Should credit cards be renamed 'debt cards'? The big lesson here is that delaying payment of credit cards will lead to interest and the interest bill can eventually be higher than the original purchase amount. Be a good role model. Pay off your credit cards at the end of each month.
There is a lot of food for thought there for me. Many of the points are for older kids, but always good to be armed with knowledge and know what is ahead.